What are the primary purposes of government? Explain using examples from the writings of Enlightenment thinkers.
At the beginning of man’s existence, humans lived in a natural state. There was no concept of society, government, or politics – people simply sough to live instinctively and efficiently. Survival was key. There was neither a moral nor ethical set of rules nor any accepted behavioral codes, just self-interest. However, this unconditional freedom, in which anybody could do whatever they pleased, was not to everyone’s benefit. Life and security were very volatile and could be dramatically altered at anybody’s unquestioned whim. This insecurity and lack of reliability gave way to the creation of society and government.
In essence, Enlightenment philosophers proposed revolutionary ideas that challenged the rulers of their time. BY proposing their rational ideas on what governments are intended to be, they set the ball rolling for future governments and their relations with the governed.